conclusion of play in child development

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conclusion of play in child development

In addition, colleges should address the myth that desirable students are those who excel in every area. All Kids Are Our Kids: What Communities Must Do to Raise Caring and Responsible Children and Adolescents. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press Whitehead, M. (2010) Language and Literacy in the Early Years 0 – 7. They should clarify their messages about the type of students they seek in the face of widespread folklore that they seek only super-achieving students. As we strive to create the optimal developmental milieu for children, it remains imperative that play be included along with academic and social-enrichment opportunities and that safe environments be made available to all children. High schools, colleges, and universities throughout the country are reporting that more students may be cheating to achieve the desired end result of a superior grade.85,86 Despite grade inflation over the last decades, many teachers report increased stress in students when they achieve less-than-perfect scores.87–89 This competitive era may be producing a minority of young people so intensely worried about the appearance of high achievement that they will forsake core values such as fairness and honesty for the sake of acquiring good grades. Partly in response to this, many students have been encouraged to carry increasingly rigorous academic schedules, including multiple advanced-placement courses. In parallel, they should promote balance in those youth who are strongly encouraged to become expert in only 1 area (eg, a particular sport or musical instrument) to the detriment of having the opportunity to explore other areas of interest. Frequent visitors to the school nurse: the school psychologist’s role. However, multiple forces are interacting to effectively reduce many children’s ability to reap the benefits of play. London: Routledge Moore, A. However, for some children, this hurried lifestyle is a source of stress and anxiety and may even contribute to depression.45,46 Increased pressure to achieve is likely to manifest in school avoidance and somatic symptoms.69–72 The challenge for society, schools, and parents is to strike the balance that allows all children to reach their potential without pushing them beyond their personal comfort limits and while allowing them personal free playtime. Perfect Madness: Motherhood in the Age of Anxiety. Bilingual programs in schools are needed because bilingual students can outperform in executive control tasks, bilingualism [...], Scott Hines COLL 110, T/TH, 2:00-2:50 Study Behaviors Essay Hi, my name is Scott Randall Hines, I am a freshman at St. There may be as many explanations for the current trends as there are families, but several key factors that have led to decreased free play should be considered. Some of those strategies are community based, and others are school based, but many reside within the family. It is the responsibility of individual practitioners, and indeed settings in general, to consider the individual needs and stage of development for each individual in their care. Purveyors of these special programs should be encouraged to produce long-term evidence that define how their products/strategies produce more successful children. Pediatricians should support children having an academic schedule that is appropriately challenging and extracurricular exposures that offer appropriate balance. The guidance in this report does not indicate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as a standard of medical care. Piaget (1973) believed that children were only able to gain a true understanding of knowledge as a result of this process of discovery, which enables them to be innovative and flexible as opposed to learning in a mechanistic way. One of the practical effects of the trend is decreased time left during the school day for other academic subjects, as well as recess, creative arts, and physical education.38,39 This trend may have implications for the social and emotional development of children and adolescents.33 In addition, many after-school child care programs prioritize an extension of academics and homework completion over organized play, free play, and physical activity.64, The decrease in free play can also be explained by children being passively entertained through television or computer/video games. Available at: Sweeney JF, Sweeney DD. Cambridge, MA: De Capo Lifelong Gallahue, D. L., Ozmun, J. C. (1998) Understanding Motor Development: Infants, Children, Adolescents, Adults. London: Sage pp. Pediatricians should assess their patients for the manifestations of stress, anxiety, and depression in family-centered interviews for children and privately conducted interviews with adolescents. All rights reserved. Play should provide children with opportunities to explore and express their feelings, to develop relationships with others, to make decisions, choices and errors whilst being respected and valued as individuals; they need to be encouraged to develop self-discipline whilst retaining their ability to be imaginative and creative in solving problems (Bruce, 1987 cited in Early Years Interboard Panel, n.d., p. 7). Play is an opportunity for children to develop a sense of self as a result of solving problems within their environment, which allows them to enhance their cognitive skills in the context of specific cultural environment/environments (Dunn, 1993; Meadows, 1993; Bruce, 1996; Gallahue and Ozman, 1998; Wood, 2004; Robson, 2006). Play allows children to create and explore a world they can master, conquering their fears while practicing adult roles, sometimes in conjunction with other children or adult caregivers.7–14 As they master their world, play helps children develop new competencies that lead to enhanced confidence and the resiliency they will need to face future challenges.7,10,15 Undirected play allows children to learn how to work in groups, to share, to negotiate, to resolve conflicts, and to learn self-advocacy skills.7,10,11,16 When play is allowed to be child driven, children practice decision-making skills, move at their own pace, discover their own areas of interest, and ultimately engage fully in the passions they wish to pursue.7,10,11 Ideally, much of play involves adults, but when play is controlled by adults, children acquiesce to adult rules and concerns and lose some of the benefits play offers them, particularly in developing creativity, leadership, and group skills.17 In contrast to passive entertainment, play builds active, healthy bodies. Pediatricians can promote free play as a healthy, essential part of childhood. In the UK, for instance, industrialisation significantly decreased the schools' provision of outdoor activities. Play is so important to optimal child development that it has been recognized by the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights as a right of every child. In addition, many students are taking preparation courses for standardized entrance examinations. 5707 N. 22nd Street Tampa, FL 33610 P: (813)272-2244 F: (813)272-3766 Physical play motor development and some tenuous evidence that exercise play may also be related to cognitive performance. Pediatricians should be a stable force, reminding parents that the cornerstones of parenting—listening, caring, and guiding through effective and developmentally appropriate discipline—and sharing pleasurable time together are the true predictors of childhood, and they serve as a springboard toward a happy, successful adulthood. Thank you for your interest in spreading the word on American Academy of Pediatrics. 33 39 UNICEF (1989) The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. However, whilst responding to individual children in a positive and warm manner, it is critical that there is a gradual movement towards activities which are more adult led, in order to prepare them for more formal learning as they enter Year 1 (DfE, 2014).

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