Here, the pathogen reproduces asexually and multiplies in number, eventually spreading to other parts of the body. When this fly bites the humans, the infection spreads throughout the body through the blood. Klazomania (a vocal tic) is sometimes present. Sleeping sickness (also called trypanosomiasis) is an infection caused by Trypanosoma protozoa; it is passed to humans through the bite of the tsetse fly. This long-term (chronic) infection can last for years. The real reason why you shouldn’t be eating ramen noodles, Diverticulitis diet: The right way to eat if you suffer from the disease, Lectin: The common link of proteins between peas and people. The trypanosome parasites are categorized into two groups based on their location – Trypanosoma brucei found in the sub-Sahara region of Africa (Tsetse fly) and Trypanosoma cruzi found in South America (kissing bug). T. brucei gambiense, for example, is trickier to diagnose through blood tests than T. brucei rhodesiense. Rooibos tea is just what you need. Get factually correct, actionable tips delivered straight to your inbox once a week. African trypanosomiasis, also known as African sleeping sickness or simply sleeping sickness, is an insect-borne parasitic infection of humans and other animals. Erythritol: A healthy sugar substitute or yet another marketing ploy? This article does not have the information I am looking for. In advanced stages, the disease attacks the central nervous system and people experience changes in personality, alteration in the biological clock, difficulty in walking and talking, seizures, and difficulty in speaking. http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/sleepingsickness/index.html, https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2018/infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/trypanosomiasis-african-sleeping-sickness, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1123723/, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21722252, https://www.dndi.org/2016/clinical-trials/clinical-trials-hat/, Vitamin K2: 8 reasons why you need this bone-building & cancer-fighting nutrient, Maltitol: Things you must know about this artificial sweetener, TBHQ: A carcinogen lingering in your child’s favorite snacks. The right way to prepare Alfalfa sprouts at home, Caralluma Fimbriata: How to eat this cactus to lose weight, Trisodium Phosphate: How a paint thinner made its way into your breakfast, Love tea, hate tannins? Accurate diagnosis of this disease is very important since the symptoms rendered by this disease often overlap with those of many other ailments. If the doctor suspects that the parasite has spread to the central nervous system, the patient will undergo a procedure known as the lumbar puncture. The two parasites named Trypanosoma brucie gambiense and Trypanosoma brucie rhodesiense cause this disease. The best way to identify the pathogen is by means of a blood test. This particular protozoan appears distinctively crescent-shaped under the microscope and bears hair-like structures called flagella to enable movement. Sleep apnea is a potentially serious condition in which you repeatedly stop and start … Sleeping sickness is a tropical disease that can prove fatal if not treated properly. In some cases, it can take several years for the disease to develop and worsen. We will never share your email address with anyone. A lot of changes occur in the body after the infection. Your privacy is important to us. The protozoan remains within the intestines of the fly before eventually progressing into its salivary glands. Join our Facebook community and connect with like-minded folks. This occurs within a few weeks of receiving the bite. How did you use this information in your life? Psyllium Husk: More than just an effective natural laxative. Tamarind: The top health benefits of this staple Asian ingredient, Latest findings on Kombucha; a teacup full of yeast and bacteria, Carb Cycling: Weighing the pros vs the cons of this diet routine. Sleeping sickness is a deadly disease. Please consult a medical professional. This tsetse fly species is native to the African continent. Sleep apnea. In other cases, the process can be much more rapid, on a scale of weeks or months. Sleeping sickness (also called trypanosomiasis) is an infection caused by Trypanosoma protozoa; it is passed to humans through the bite of the tsetse fly. Effective screening methods have reduced the number of reported cases. Heartburn: What are the exact symptoms and the best home remedies? 8 hidden causes of obesity you probably didn’t know! The Big 5 lifestyle diseases: How your everyday living might be killing you, Occupational Hazards: How to vouch for your health at your workplace. Pescatarian Diet 101: What are the inherent health advantages of this diet? Hence, it is important to refer to the doctor immediately and seek proper medical attention. If you are traveling to this zone, you should take adequate precautions to protect from bites. Eating Disorders: Lifestyle choice or a psychological condition? Both are usually transmitted by the bite of an infected tsetse fly and are most common in rural areas.
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